Since ancient times, people from across the world have valued beautiful stones and minerals, incorporating them into their everyday lives. Civilizations including the Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Persians, Incas and Aztecs strongly believed that gemstones possess many attributes, curative powers and even the power to convey the soul to peace in the after-life. Although there is no definitive source for the assignment of gemstones as individual birthstones by the world’s peoples, there are a number of legends and several lists that document differing groups of birthstones.
Modern Birthstones: In 1912, in an effort to standardize birthstones, the (American) National Association of Jewelers met in Kansas and officially adopted a birthstone list. The Jewelry Industry Council of America updated this list in 1952 by adding alexandrite to June and citrine to November; specifying pink tourmaline for October; replacing December’s lapis with zircon; and switching the primary/alternative gems in March. The American Gem Trade Association also added tanzanite as a December birthstone in 2002.
|June||Pearl, Moonstone, Alexandrite|
|October||Opal, Pink Tourmaline|
|December||Turquoise, Zircon, Tanzanite|